PUBS & PRESENTATIONS

Publications
Search references:   Filter by year:    

Displaying all 478 references.

Order by: Author | Year

Adams, H.D., Macalady, A.K., Breshears, D.D., Allen, C.D., Stephenson, N.L., Saleska, S.R., Huxman, T.E., and McDowell, N.G. 2010. Climate-induced tree mortality: earth system consequences. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 91: 153-154.

Adams, H.D., Macalady, A.K., Breshears, D.D., Allen, C.D., Stephenson, N.L., Saleska, S.R., Huxman, T.E., and McDowell, N.G. 2010. Forest mortality feedbacks to the earth system under global climate change. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 91

Adams, M.J., Hossack, B.R., Knapp, R.A., Corn, P.S., Diamond, S.A., Trenham, P.C., and Fagre, D.B. 2005. Distribution patterns of lentic-breeding amphibians in relation to ultraviolet radiation exposure in Western North America. Ecosystems 8: 488-500.

Advani, S. Soil respiration responses to fertilization: A comparison of two forests with different nitrogen deposition histories. 2005. Colorado State University. Ref Type: Thesis/Dissertation

Albright, W.L., and Peterson, D.L. 2013. Tree growth and climate in the Pacific Northwest, North America: a broad-scale analysis of changing growth environments. Journal of Biogeography 40:2119-2133.

Alexander, M.E., Cruz, M.G., Vaillant, N.M., and Peterson, D.L. 2013. Crown fire behavior characteristics and prediction in conifer forests: a state-of-knowledge synthesis. Final report to the Joint Fire Science Program, project 09-S-03-1. https://www.fir

Alftine, K.J., Malanson, G.P., and Fagre, D.B. 2003. Feedback-driven response to multidecadal climatic variability at an alpine treeline. Physical Geography 24: 520-535.

Allen, C., D. Breshears, A. Das, J. Hicke, N. McDowell, D. McKenzie, N. Stephenson, P. van Mantgem, J. Baron, D. Fagre, A. Fountain, D. Ojima, D. Peterson, C. Tague. 2009. The Western Mountain Initiative: Effects of Climatic Change on Tree Mortality and F

Allen, C.D. 2003. Where have all the grasslands gone? In Forging a West that works: An invitation to the radical center. The Quivira Coalition, Santa Fe, NM. pp. 119-126.

Allen, C.D. 2004. Ecological patterns and environmental change in the Bandelier landscape. In Archaeology of Bandelier National Monument: Village formation on the Pajarito Plateau, New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM. pp. 19-67.

Allen, C.D. 2005. A thousand years in the life of the Bandelier landscape. In The peopling of Bandelier: New approaches to the archeology of the Pajarito Plateau. School of American Research Press, Santa Fe, NM. pp. 11-18.

Allen, C.D. 2006. Climate and land use interactions with vegetation change and disturbance processes in mountain ecosystems of the Southwestern USA. In Global Change in Mountain Regions. Sapiens Publishing, Dumfrieshire, UK. pp. 31-32.

Allen, C.D. 2007. Cross-scale interactions among forest dieback, fire, and erosion in northern New Mexico landscapes. Ecosystems 10: 797-808.

Allen, C.D. 2009. Climate-induced forest dieback: an escalating global phenomenon? Unasylva 231/232: 43-49.

Allen, C.D., Anderson, R.S., Jass, R.B., and Toney, J.L. 2008. Paired Charcoal and Tree-Ring Records of High-Frequency Fire from Two New Mexico Bog Sites. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 115-130.

Allen, C.D., Macalady, A.K., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., Kitzberger, T., Rigling, A., Breshears, D.D., Hogg, E.H., Gonzalez, P., Fensham, R., Zhang, Z., Lim, J.-H., Castro, J., Demidova, N., Allard, G., and Running, S.W. 201

Allen, C.D., N.L. Stephenson, A.K. Macalady, P.J. van Mantgem, A.J. Das, C. Tague, N.G. McDowell, J.A. Hicke, E.H. Hogg, D.D. Breshears, D. McKenzie, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, A.G. Fountain, D.S. Ojima, and D.L. Peterson. 2010. Drought and Heat-Induced Tree

Anderson, R.S., Allen, C.D., Toney, J.L., Jass, R.B., and Bair, A.N. 2008. Holocene vegetation and forest fire regimes in subalpine and mixed conifer forest sites, southern Rocky Mountains, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 96-114. Notes: Fo

Anderson, R.S., Toney, J.L., Jass, R.B., Allen, C.D., Cisneros-Dozal, L.M., Hess, M., Fessenden, J., and Heikoop, J. 2008. Development of the mixed conifer forest in northern New Mexico, and its relationship to Holocene climate change. Quaternary Research

Balog, J.D., J.E. Box, W.T. Pfeffer, E.W. Hood, D.B. Fagre, C.Anker, and S. O’Neel. 2010. The Extreme Ice Survey: Capturing and conveying glacial processes through time-lapse imagery and narration. Abstract IN33B-1312 presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU,

Barclay, A.D., Betancourt, J.L., and Allen, C.D. 2004. Effects of seeding with ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) on vegetation recovery following fire in a ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13: 1-12.

Baron, J. S., Seastedt, T. , Fagre, D. B., Hicke, J. A. , Tomback, D. , Garcia, E. , Bowen, Z., and Logan, J. A. 2013. Symposium 9: Rocky Mountain Futures: Preserving, Utilizing, and Sustaining Rocky Mountain Ecosystems. Bulletin of the Ecological Socie

Baron, J. S., T. Seastedt, D. Fagre, J. A. Hicke, D. Tomback, E. Garcia, Z. Bowen, and J. A. Logan. 2013. Symposium 9: Rocky Mountain Futures: Preserving, Utilizing, and Sustaining Rocky Mountain Ecosystems. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 9

Baron, J., C. Allen, D.L. Peterson, D. McKenzie, D. Ojima, N. Stephenson, D. Fagre, C. Tague, J. Hicke, and S. Kampf. 2010. Framework and principles of the Western Mountain Initiative. Proceedings, Global Change in the Worlds Mountains conference. Perth,

Baron, J., D. Peterson, D. Fagre, C. Allen, N. Stephenson, D. McKenzie, J. Hicke, Ch. Tague, and D. Ojima. 2009. The Western Mountain Initiative: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Western Mountain Ecosystems. Presented at George Wright So

Baron, J., D.L. Peterson, D. Fagre, C. Allen, N. Stephenson, D. McKenzie, J. Hicke, C. Tague, D. Ojima, and A. Fountain. 2010. Western Mountain Initiative: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Western Mountain Ecosystems. Presented at Global

Baron, J.S. 2006. Hindcasting Nitrogen Deposition to Determine an Ecological Critical Load. Ecological Applications 16: 433-439.

Baron, J.S. 2009. Strategies for Public Land Management for Adaptation to Climate Change. In Management Responses to Climate Variability. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

Baron, J.S. Interactions between atmospheric nitrogen deposition and climate change in the Colorado Front Range. 2008. Ref Type: Internet Communication Notes: Talkingpoints editorial for environmentalresearchweb.org

Baron, J.S., Allen, C.D., Fleishman, E., Gunderson, L., McKenzie, D., Meyerson, L., Oropeza, J., and Stephenson, N. 2008. National Parks. In Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. A Report by the U.S. Clim

Baron, J.S., Botte, J., and Shory, R. 2004. Effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on high elevation Colorado forests. Edited by W. R. Keammerer and J. Todd. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University. pp. 10-14.

Baron, J.S., Del Grosso, S., Ojima, D.S., Theobald, D.M., and Parton, W.J. 2004. Nitrogen emissions along the Colorado Front Range: response to population growth, land and water use change, and agriculture. In Ecosystem interactions and land use change. A

Baron, J.S., Gunderson, L., Allen, C., Fleishman, E., McKenzie, D., Meyerson, L., Oropeza, J., and Stephenson, N. 2009. Options for national parks and reserves for adapting to climate change. Environmental Management 44: 1033-1042.

Baron, J.S., Joyce, L.A., Keller, B.D., Palmer, M.A., Peterson, C.H., and Scott, J.M. 2008. CCSP, 2008: Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Su

Baron, J.S., Julius, S.H., West, J.M., Joyce, L.A., Blate, G., Peterson, C.H., Palmer, M., Keller, B.D., Kareiva, P., Scott, J.M., and Griffith, B. 2008. Some guidelines for helping natural resources adapt to climate change. IHDP Update Magazine Fall.

Baron, J.S., Nydick, K.R., Rueth, H.M., Lafrancois, B.M., and Wolfe, A.P. 2005. High elevation ecosystem responses to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. In Global Change and Mountain Regions: An Overview of Current Kn

Baron, J.S., Peterson, D.L., and Wilson, J.T. Western Mountain Initiative: predicting ecosystem responses to climate change. USGS Fact Sheet 2008-3093. 2008. Ref Type: Pamphlet

Baron, J.S., Schmidt, T.W., and Hartman, M.D. 2009. Climate-Induced Changes in High Elevation Stream Nitrate Dynamics. Global Change Biology 15: 1777-1789.

Baron, J.S., Tague, C., Christensen, L., Stephenson, N., Allen, C., Fagre, D., Peterson, D., and McKenzie, D. Addressing the vulnerability of Western mountain ecosystems and water resources to climate change with RHESSys, the Regional Hydro-Ecological Sim

Basagic, H., and Fountain A.G. 2011. Quantifying twentieth century glacier change in the Sierra Nevada, California. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 43, 317-330.

Bengtson, L., D.B. Fagre, J. Asebrook, and J. Hintz. 2010. Glacier National Park GLORIA re-survey project: an evaluation of changes in alpine plant species composition and distribution due to five years of climate change in the Northern Rocky Mountains, M

Bengtson, L.E., D.B. Fagre, and E.H. Peitzsch. 2011. Changes in the alpine: Testing a climate extrapolation model with a unique high elevation mountain climate network. Abstract VGC43B-0920 Poster presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Unio

Bengtson, L.E., D.B. Fagre, J. Asebrook and J. Hintz. 2012. Glacier National Park GLORIA Project: An Evaluation of the Effects of Climate Change on Alpine Plant Species Composition and Distribution. Pages 3-4 in Proceedings Seventh Montana Plant Conservat

Bengtson, Lindsey E, Fagre, Daniel B., Asebrook, Jen, Hintz, Jennifer. 2010. Glacier National Park GLORIA re-survey project: an evaluation of changes in alpine plant species composition and distribution due to five years of climate change in the Northern

Bentz, B., Allen, C.D., Ayres, M., Berg, E., Carroll, A., Hansen, M., Hicke, J., Joyce, L., Logan, J., MacFarlane, W., MacMahon, J., Munson, S., Negron, J., Paine, T., Powell, J., Raffa, K., Régnière, J., Reid, M., Romme, W., Seybold, S., Six, D., Tomback

Bentz, B.J., Régnière, J., Fettig, C.J., Hansen, E.M., Hayes, J.L., Hicke, J.A., Kelsey, R.G., Negrón, J.F., and Seybold, S.J. 2010. Climate change and bark beetles of the western United States and Canada: Direct and indirect effects. BioScience 60: 602-6

Blate, G.M., Joyce, L.A., Julius, S., Littell, J.S., McNulty, S.G., Millar, C.I., Moser, S.C., Neilson, R.P., O'Halloran, K., Peterson, D.L., and West, J. 2009. Adapting to climate change in United States national forests. Unasylva 60: 57-62.

Bond, W.J. and Keeley, J.E. 2005. Fire as global 'herbivore': The ecology and evolution of flammable ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 387-394.

Botte, J.A. and Baron, J.S. 2004. Quality Assurance Report, Loch Vale Watershed, 1999-2002. USGS Open-File Report 2004-1306 17.

Bowman, W.D., Cleveland, C.C., Halada, L., Hreško, J., and Baron, J.S. 2008. Negative impact of nitrogen deposition on soil buffering capacity. Nature GeoSciences 1: 767-770.

Brace, S. and Peterson, D.L. 1998. Tropospheric ozone distribution in the Mount Rainier region of the Cascade Mountains, U.S.A. Atmospheric Environment 32: 3629-3637.

Bradford, J.B., Hicke, J.A., and Lauenroth, W.K. 2005. The relative importance of light-use efficiency modifications from environmental conditions and cultivation for estimation of large-scale net primary productivity. Remote Sensing of Environment 96: 24

Breshears, D.D., Cobb, N.S., Rich, P.M., Price, K.P., Allen, C.D., Balice, R.G., Romme, W.H., Kastens, J.H., Floyd, M.L., Belnap, J., Anderson, J.J., Myers, O.B., and Meyer, C.W. 2005. Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change type drought.

Breshears, D.D., Myers, O.B., Meyer, C.W., Barnes, F.J., Zou, C.B., Allen, C.D., McDowell, N.G., and Pockman, W.T. 2009. Tree die-off in response to global-change-type drought: mortality insights from a decade of plant water potential measurements. Fronti

Breshears, D.D., Whicker, J.J., Zou, C.B., Field, J.P., and Allen, C.D. 2007. Wind erosion and dust flux in undisturbed and disturbed dryland ecosystems along the grassland-forest continuum: a conceptual framework spanning gradients of woody plants. Notes

Breshears, D.D., Whicker, J.J., Zou, C.B., Field, J.P., and Allen, C.D. 2010. A conceptual framework for dryland aeolian sediment transport along the grassland-forest continuum: Effects of woody plant canopy cover and disturbance. Geomorphology 105: 28-38

Bright, B. C., J. A. Hicke, and A. J. H. Meddens. 2013. Effects of bark beetle-caused tree mortality on biogeochemical and biogeophysical MODIS products. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences:n/a-n/a.

Bright, B. C., J. A. Hicke, and A. T. Hudak. 2012. Estimating aboveground carbon stocks of a forest affected by mountain pine beetle in Idaho using lidar and multispectral imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 124:270-281.

Bright, B. C., J. A. Hicke, and A. T. Hudak. 2012. Landscape-scale analysis of aboveground tree carbon stocks affected by mountain pine beetles in Idaho. Environmental Research Letters 7:045702.

Bugmann, H., Bjornsen, A., Ewert, F., Haeberli, W., Guisan, A., Fagre, D., Kääb, A., and GLOCHAMORE, P. 2007. Modeling the biophysical impacts of global change in mountain biosphere reserves. Mountain Research and Development 27: 66-77.

Bunn, A.G. Temporal and spatial patterns at alpine treeline in the Sierra Nevada USA: Implications for global change. 2004. Montana State University. Ref Type: Thesis/Dissertation

Bunn, A.G., Graumlich, L.J., and Urban, D.L. 2005. Interpreting the climatic significance of trends in twentieth-century tree growth at high elevations. The Holocene 15: 481-488.

Bunn, A.G., Waggoner, L.A., and Graumlich, L.J. 2005. Topographic mediation of growth in high elevation foxtail pine (Pinus balfouriana Grev. et Balf.) forests in Sierra Nevada, USA. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14: 103-114.

Burkett, V.R., Wilcox, D.A., Stottlemyer, R., Barrow, W., Fagre, D.B., Baron, J.S., Price, J., Nielsen, J.L., Allen, C.D., Peterson, D.L., Ruggerone, G., and Doyle, T. 2005. Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: Case studies and pol

Burton, P.J., Parisien, M.A., Hicke, J.A., Hall, R.J., and Freeburn, J.T. 2008. Large fires as agents of ecological diversity in the North American boreal forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 754-767.

Butler D.R., Malanson, G.P., Walsh, S.J. and Fagre, D.B. 2007. Influences of geomorphology and geology on alpine treeline in the American West – more important than climatic influences? Physical Geography 28:434-450.

Butler, D.R., Malanson, G.P., Walsh, S.J., and Fagre, D.B. (eds). 2009. The Changing Alpine Treeline of Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Elsevier, The Netherlands.

Butler, D.R., Malanson, G.P., and Walsh, S.J. 2007. Influences of geomorphology and geology on alpine treeline in the American West - more important than climatic influences? Physical Geography 28: 434-450.

Byrne, J.M., D.B. Fagre, T.F. Pedersen, and J.A. Tindall (chairs). 2010. Climate Change Adaptation: Union Session 52A, 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA. 13-17 December. This session was attended by hundreds and was an informal memorial to Stephen

Byrne, J.M., F. Grifo, D.B. Fagre, and T.F. Pedersen (chairs). 2010. Climate Change Adaptation: Education and Communication I, ED41D Session, 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA. 13-17 December.

Byrne, J.M., F. Grifo, D.B. Fagre, and T.F. Pedersen (chairs). 2010. Climate Change Adaptation: Education and Communication II Posters, ED43A Session, 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA. 13-17 December.

Cansler, C.A, and D. McKenzie. (in press). Climate, fire size, and biophysical setting influence severity and spatial pattern of wildfires. Ecological Applications.

Cansler, C.A., and D. McKenzie. 2012. How robust are burn severity indices when applied in a new region? Evaluation of alternate field-based and remote-sensing methods. Remote Sensing 4:456-483.

Case, M.J. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Fine-scale variability in growth-climate relationships of Douglas-fir, North Cascade Range, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 35: 2743-2755.

Case, M.J. and Peterson, D.L. 2007. Growth-climate relations of lodgepole pine in the North Cascades National Park, Washington. Northwest Science 81: 62-75.

Castro, J., Allen, C.D., Molina-Morales, S., Marañón, S., Sánchez-Miranda, Á., and Zamora, R. 2010. Salvage logging versus the use of burnt wood as a nurse object to promote post-fire tree seedling establishment. Restoration Ecology 1-8.

Chen, J., Avise, J., Lamb, B., Salathé, E.P., Mass, C.F., Guenther, A., Wiedinmyer, C., Lamarque, J.-F., O'Neill, S.M., McKenzie, D., and Larkin, N. 2009. The effects of global changes upon regional ozone pollution in the United States. Atmospheric Chemis

Chmura, D.J., Anderson, P.D., Howe, G.T., Harrington, C.A., Halofsky, J.E., Peterson, D.L., Shaw, D.C., and St. Clair, B. 2011. Forest responses to climate change in the northwestern United States: ecophysiological foundations for adaptive management. For

Christensen, L., Tague, C., and Baron, J.S. 2008. Spatial patterns of transpiration response to climate variability in a snow-dominated mountain ecosystem. Hydrological Processes.

CIRMOUNT Committee 2006. Mapping new terrain. Rep. PSW- MISC-77.

Clow, D.W., Schrott, L., Webb, R., Campbell, D.H., Torizzo, A., and Dornblaser, M. 2003. Ground Water Occurrence and Contributions to Streamflow in an Alpine Catchment, Colorado Front Range. Ground Water 41: 937-950.

Cole, D.N., Millar, C.I., and Stephenson, N.L. 2010. Responding to climate change: a toolbox of management strategies. In Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Island Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 179-196.

Cole, D.N., Yung, L., Zavaleta, E.S., Aplet, G.H., Chapin III, F.S., Graber, D.M., Higgs, E.S., Hobbs, R.J., Landres, P.B., Millar, C.I., Parsons, D.J., Randall, J.M., Stephenson, N.L., Tonnessen, K.A., White, P.S., and Woodley, S. 2008. Naturalness and b

Cooper, D.S., Dickens, J., Hobbs, N.T., Christensen, L., and Landrum, L. 2006. Hydrologic, geomorphic, and climatic processes controlling willow establishment in a montane ecosystem. Hydrological Processes 20: 185-164.

Cooper, S.M. and Peterson, D.L. 2000. Tropospheric ozone distribution in western Washington. Environmental Pollution 107: 339-347.

Coppock, R., Johnson, S., and others 2004. Direct and indirect human contributions to terrestrial carbon fluxes: A workshop summary. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

Creeden, E. P., J. A. Hicke, and P. C. Buotte. 2014. Climate, weather, and recent mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the western United States. Forest Ecology and Management 312:239-251.

Cushman, S.A., McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., Littell, J., and McKelvey, K.S. 2006. Research agenda for integrated landscape modeling. 28 Mar. 2006, San Diego, CA.

Cushman, S.A., McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., Littell, J.S., and McKelvey, K.S. 2007. Research agenda for integrated landscape modeling. Rep. RMRS-GTR-194.

Das, A. 2012. The effect of size and competition on tree growth rate in old-growth coniferous forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42:1983-1995.

Das, A. J., and N. L. Stephenson. 2013. A natural resource condition assessment for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Appendix 22 - Climatic change. Natural Resource Report NPS/SEKI/NRR—2013/665.22. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO. (3

Das, A. J., N. L. Stephenson, A. Flint, T. Das, and P. J. van Mantgem. 2013. Climatic correlates of tree mortality in water- and energy-limited forests. PLOS ONE 8(7):e69917. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069917

Das, A., Battles, J., Mantgem, P.J., and Stephenson, N.L. 2008. Spatial elements of mortality risk in old-growth forests. Ecology 89: 1744-1756.

Das, A., Battles, J., Stephenson, N.L., and van Mantgem, P.J. 2007. The relationship between tree growth patterns and likelihood of mortality: a study of two tree species in the Sierra Nevada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recher

Das, A., J. Battles, N. L. Stephenson, and P. J. van Mantgem. 2011. The contribution of competition to tree mortality in old-growth coniferous forests. Forest Ecology and Management 261:1203-1213.

Das, A.J. Quantifying tree mortality risk and spatial pattern in a temperate conifer forest. Ph.D. dissertation. 2007. University of California, Berkeley. Ref Type: Thesis/Dissertation

Das, B., Vinebrooke, R.D., Sanchez-Azofeifa, A., Rivard, B., and Wolfe, A.P. 2005. Inferring sedimentary chlorophyll concentrations with reflectance spectroscopy: A novel approach to reconstructing historical changes in the trophic status of mountain lake

Deal, R.L., Raymond, C.L., Peterson, D.L., and Glick, C. 2010. Ecosystem services and climate change: understanding the differences and identifying opportunities for carbon sequestration. Pages 9-25 in T.B. Jain and R.T. Graham (eds.), Integrated Manageme

Diamond, S.A., Trenham, P.C., Adams, M.J., Hossack, B.R., Knapp, R.A., Stark, S.L., Bradford, D., Corn, P.S., Czarnowski, K., Brooks, P.D., Fagre, D.B., Breen, B., Detenbeck, N.E., and Tonnessen, K. 2005. Estimated ultraviolet radiation doses in wetlands

Dick, Kristina. 2013. Portland State University, Department of Geography, Thesis: Glacier change in the North Cascades, Washington State.

Dougall, Jan. 2007. Portland State University, Department of Geography,Thesis: Downstream effects of glaciers on water quality.

Edburg, S. L., J. A. Hicke, D. M. Lawrence, and P. E. Thornton. 2011. Simulating coupled carbon and nitrogen dynamics following mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the western United States. Journal of Geophysical Research 116.

Edburg, S. L., J. A. Hicke, P. D. Brooks, E. G. Pendall, B. E. Ewers, U. Norton, D. Gochis, E. D. Gutmann, and A. J. H. Meddens. 2012. Cascading impacts of bark beetle-caused tree mortality on coupled biogeophysical and biogeochemical processes. Frontiers

Editorial Committee 2007. Preface.Instituto de Hidrologia, Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales IDEAM, Bogota, Colombia pp. 11-12. Notes: Dan Fagre was on the Editorial Committee

Edmonds, R.L., Francis, R.C., Mantua, N.J., and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Sources of climatic variability in river ecosystems. In Strategies for Restoring River Ecosystems: Sources of Variability and Uncertainty in Natural and Managed Systems. American Fisheri

Elman, E. and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Post-harvest regeneration of high-elevation forests in northern Washington, USA. Forestry Chronicle 79: 268-272.

Elman, E. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Effects of post-harvest treatments on high-elevation forests in the North Cascade Range, Washington. Journal of Ecosystems and Management 6: 33-50.

Elser, J.J., Anderson, T., Baron, J.S., Bergström, A.-K., Kyle, M., Nydick, K.R., Steger, L., and Hesson, D.O. 2009. Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science 326: 835-837.

Elser, J.J., Kyle, M., Steger, L., Nydick, K.R., and Baron, J.S. 2009. Nutrient availability and phytoplankton nutrient limitation across a gradient of atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Ecology 90: 3062-3073.

Enders, S.K., Pagani, M., Pantoja, S., Baron, J.S., Wolfe, A.P., Pedentchouk, N., and Nuñez, L. 2008. Compound-specific stable isotopes of organic compounds from lake sediments track recent environmental changes in an alpine ecosystem, Rocky Mountain Nati

Ettl, G.J. and Peterson, D.L. 1991. Growth and genetic response of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) in a changing environment. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7: 357-359.

Ettl, G.J. and Peterson, D.L. 1995. Extreme climate and variation in tree growth: individualistic response in subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa). Global Change Biology 1: 231-241.

Ettl, G.J. and Peterson, D.L. 1995. Growth response of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) to climate in the Olympic Mountains, Washington, USA. Global Change Biology 1: 213-230.

Ettl, G.J. and Peterson, D.L. 2001. Genetic variation of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) in Olympic National Park, WA, USA: differentiation in response to an elevation gradient. Silvae Genetica 50: 145-153.

Evans, S.A., C.B. Halpern, and D. McKenzie. 2012. The roles of forest structure and substrate in the diversity and abundance of forest-floor bryophytes in mature coniferous forests of western Washington, U.S.A. The Bryologist 115:278-294.

Fagre, D. 2005. Climatic Variability, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Disturbance in Mountain Protected Environments. Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2006, Report by the Climate Change Science Program and Subcommittee

Fagre, D. 2007. Ecosystem Responses to Global Climate Change. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. pp. 187-200. Notes: 321 pp.

Fagre, D. 2007. Modeling and monitoring biophysical dynamics and change. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. pp. 171-186.

Fagre, D. B. 2009. Climate Change and its Potential Impacts in the World Heritage Site. Presentation to UNESCO World Heritage Centre/IUCN Mission to Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park World Heritage Site, 20-27 September, 2009.

Fagre, D. B. 2009. Discussant for Paper Session 4454 Mountain Ice and Snow 1: Glaciers and Water Resources, Assoc. of American Geographers Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV March 22-27, 2009.

Fagre, D. B. 2009. Glacier’s glaciers and a changing landscape amidst climate change. Opening speaker for Crown of the Continent Symposium, sponsored by University of Montana Crown of the Continent Initiative, Flathead Valley Community College, Kalispell,

Fagre, D. B. 2010. Climate Change Impacts to the Crown of the Continent. Presented at Crown of the Continent Climate Change Scenario Planning Workshop, National Park Service Climate Change Program, Whitefish, MT. March 9, 2010. INVITED.

Fagre, D. B. 2010. Disturbance and Climate Change, for Crown of the Continent Climate Change Scenario Planning (C4SP), Sponsored by National Park Service Office of Climate Change, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science, Fort Collins, CO 80525. February

Fagre, D. B. 2011. Research on Glacier National Park’s Glaciers. Presented at Crown of the Continent Symposium, University of Montana, October 22, 2011. Sponsored by the Crown of the Continent Institute.

Fagre, D. B., 2010. Panelist in Webinar #3 Natural Resources, Terrestrial Impacts for Crown of the Continent Climate Change Scenario Planning (C4SP), Sponsored by National Park Service Office of Climate Change, Natural Resource Stewardship and Science, Fo

Fagre, D. B., American Geophysical Union session GC13: Watershed Management - Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change, Fall Meeting, December 14-18, 2009, San Francisco, CA

Fagre, D. B., Co-sponsor and co-chair for American Geophysical Union session ED11: Missing Links! Scientists Communication on Critical Global Environmental Change Issues, Fall Meeting, December 14-18, 2009, San Francisco, CA

Fagre, D., C. Allen, J. Baron, A. Fountain, J. Hicke, D. McKenzie, D. Ojima, D. Peterson, N. Stephenson, and C. Tague. 2009. Glacier Recession as an Indicator of Mountain Protected Area Responses to Climate Change. Presented at George Wright Society Meeti

Fagre, D.B. and E.H. Peitzsch. 2010. Influences of ecological research on policy and management of Glacier National Park, Montana. 95th Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting. 4 August 2010. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Fagre, D.B. 2004. USA : Glacier National Park, Biosphere Reserve and GLORIA site. Entlebuch Biosphere Reserve, Switzerland pp. 99-108.

Fagre, D.B. 2006. Climatic variability drives changes in the Northern Rocky Mountains of the USA. In Global change in mountain regions. Sapiens Publishing, London, UK. pp. 243-244.

Fagre, D.B. 2007. Adapting to the reality of climate change at Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Instituto de Hidrologia, Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales IDEAM, Bogota, Colombia pp. 221-235.

Fagre, D.B. 2009. Introduction: Understanding the Importance of Alpine Treeline Ecotones in Mountain Ecosystems. Pages 1-9 in Butler, D.R., G.P. Malanson, S.J. Walsh, and D.B. Fagre (eds), The Changing Alpine Treeline of Glacier National Park, Montana, U

Fagre, D.B. 2012. The indirect human influence on western mountain environments: vulnerabilities and resiliencies. Invited Oral Presentation for Symposium "Rocky Mountain Futures: Preserving, Utilizing, and Sustaining Rocky Mountain Ecosystems", 2012 Ecol

Fagre, D.B. and Bajracharya, B. 2009. Group 2: Land Use Change Trends and Impacts on Mountain Biodiversity. Pages 149-151 in: E. Sharma (ed.), Proceedings of the International Mountain Biodiversity Conference: Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-18 November 2008. ht

Fagre, D.B. and L.A. McKeon. 2010. Gigapixel panoramas of Glacier National Park create enhanced education experiences. Abstract ED43A-0665 presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA. December 13-17, 2010. [poster]

Fagre, D.B. and McKeon, L.A. 2010. Documenting Disappearing Glaciers: Repeat Photography at Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Pages 77-88 in Webb, R.H., D.E. Boyer, and R.M. Turner (ed.s), Repeat Photography: Methods and Applications in the Natural Sc

Fagre, D.B. and Peitzsch, E.H. 2010. Avalanche ecology and large magnitude avalanche events - Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, California. 17-22 October 2010. http://arc.l

Fagre, D.B. and Peitzsch, E.H. 2010. Avalanche ecology and large magnitude avalanche events - Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, California. 17-22 October 2010. [poster]

Fagre, D.B. and Peitzsch, E.H. 2010. Snow avalanches and disturbance in a changing climate. Global Change in the Worlds Mountains conference. Perth, Scotland, United Kingdom. 27-30 September 2010. [abstract]

Fagre, D.B. and Peterson, D.L. 2000. Ecosystem dynamics and disturbance in mountain wildernesses: assessing vulnerability of natural resources to change. Edited by D. N. Cole and S. F. McCool. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, UT pp. 74-91.

Fagre, D.B. and Peterson, D.L. 2002. Modeling and monitoring ecosystem responses to climate change in three North American mountain ranges. In Global Mountain Biodiversity: Changes and Threats. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp. 249-259.

Fagre, D.B. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Global-scale environmental changes in mountain protected areas: The CLIMET project. 23 Sept. 2004, Edited by L. Taylor and A. Ryall. Banff, Canada pp. 36-38.

Fagre, D.B. and Prato, T. 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: A Focus on the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Web proceedings of the Parks, Peace and Partnerships 2007 Conference, Waterton, Alberta, Canada. http://www.peaceparks2007.or

Fagre, D.B. and Prato, T. 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: A Focus on the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park.

Fagre, D.B. Global environmental effects on the mountain ecosystem at Glacier National Park. National Park Service Natural Resource Year in Review - 2002. Publication D-2283. 24-25. 2003. Washington, D.C., U.S.Department of the Interior, National Park Ser

Fagre, D.B., B.A. Reardon, and J.T. Harper. 2009. Glaciers, hydrology and climate change at Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In paper session: Mountain ice and snow: glaciers and water resources. Assoc. of American Geographers Annual Meeting, Las Vega

Fagre, D.B., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, D. McKenzie, D.S. Ojima, D.L. Peterson, N.L. Stephenson and C. Tague. 2010. Glacier Recession as an Indicator of Mountain Protected Area Responses to Climate Change. Global Change Program Con

Fagre, D.B., Charles, C.W., Allen, C.D., Birkeland, C., Chapin III, F.S., Groffman, P.M. , Guntenspergen, G.R., Knapp, A.K., McGuire, A.D., Mulholland, P.J., Peters, D.P.C., Roby, D.D. and Sugihara, G. 2009. Thresholds of Climate Change in Ecosyste

Fagre, D.B., L. McKeon, E. Peitzsch, and L. Bengtson. 2011. Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems: Glacier National Park. Presented at Annual Meeting of the Western Mountain Initiative, Lake McDonald Lodge, Glacier National Park, MT.

Fagre, D.B., Peterson, D.L., and Hessl, A.E. 2003. Taking the pulse of mountains: ecosystem responses to climatic variability. Climatic Change 59: 263-282.

Fagre, D.B., Peterson, D.L., and McKenzie, D. 2007. Integrated research on climate change in mountain ecosystems: The CLIMET project. In Integrated Research and Management in Mountain Areas. pp. 257-271.

Fagre, D.B., Running, S.W., Keane, R.E., and Peterson, D.L. 2004. Assessing climate change effects on mountain ecosystems using integrated models: a case study. In Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State-of-Knowledge Overview. Kluwer Academic Press, D

Fagre, D.B., Running, S.W., Keane, R.E., and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Assessing climate change effects on mountain ecosystems using integrated models: a case study. In Global Change and Mountain Regions: An Overview of Current Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Press

Falk, D.A., E.K. Heyerdahl, P.M. Brown, C. Farris, P.Z. Fulé, D. McKenzie, T.W. Swetnam, A.H. Taylor, and M.L. van Horne. 2011. Multiscale controls of historical forest fire regimes: new insights from fire-scar networks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Envir

Falk, D.A., Miller, C., McKenzie, D., and Black, A.E. 2007. Cross-scale analysis of fire regimes. Ecosystems 10: 809-823.

Fawcett, P.J., Heikoop, J., Goff, F., Anderson, R.S., Hurley, L., Geissman, J.W., Johnson, C., WoldeGabriel, G., Allen, C.D., and Fessenden-Rahn, J. 2007. Two Middle Pleistocene Glacial-Interglacial Cycles from the Valle Grande, Jemez Mountains, northern

Fites-Kaufman, J.A., Rundel, P., Stephenson, N., and Weixelman, D.A. 2007. Montane and subalpine vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade ranges. In Terrestrial Vegetation of California. 3rd edition ed. University of California Press, pp. 456-501.

Fortner, S.K., Lyons, W.B., Fountain, A.G., Welch, K.A., Kehrwald, N. 2009. Trace element and major ion concentrations and dynamics in glacier snow and melt: Eliot Glacier, Oregon Cascades. Hydrological Processes, 23, 2987-2996.

Fountain, A.G., Campbell, J.L., Schuur, E.A.G., Stammerjohn, S.E., Williams, M.W. and Ducklow, H.W. 2012. The disappearing cryosphere: Impacts and ecosystem responses to rapid cryosphere loss. Bioscience, 62(4), 405-413.

Fountain, A.G., D.B. Fagre, D.L. Peterson, K.Thorneycroft, and H. Basagic. 2010. Variations in glacier retreat in the American West: Implications for water resources. Proceedings, Global Change in the Worlds Mountains conference. Perth, Scotland, United K

Fountain, A.G., H.J. Basagic IV, C. Cannon, M. Devisser, M.J. Hoffman, J.S. Kargel, G.J. Leonard, and K. Thorneykroft. In press. Glaciers and Perennial Snowfields of the American Cordillera, USA, Chapter 16 in: J.S. Kargel, G.J. Leonard, M.P. Bishop, P. B

Fountain, A.G., Hoffman, M., Jackson, K., Basagic, H., Nylen, T., and Percy, D. 2007. Digital outlines and topography of the glaciers of the American West. US Geological Survey Open File Report 2006 1340, 23.

Fountain, A.G., Hoffman, M.J., Granshaw, F., and Riedel, J. 2009. The benchmark glacier concept - does it work? Annals of Glaciology 50: 163-168.

Fountain, A.G., Hoffman, M.J., Granshaw, F., Riedel, J. 2009. The benchmark glacier concept – does it work? Annals of Glaciology, 50, 163-168.

French, N.H.F., William J. de Groot, L.K. Jenkins, B.M. Rogers, E. Alvarado, B.Amiro, B. de Jong, S. Goetz, E. Hoy, E. Hyer, R.E. Keane, D. McKenzie, Steven G. McNulty, B.E. Law, R.D. Ottmar, D.R. Pérez-Salicrup, J. Randerson, K.M. Robertson, and M. Ture

Furniss, M.J., Millar, C.I., Peterson, D.L., Joyce, L.A., Neilson, R.P., Halofsky, J.E., and Kerns, B.K. 2009. Adapting to climate change: a short course for land managers. Rep. PNW-GTR-789.

Garcia, E.S., Tague, C.L., Choate, J.S., 2013. Influence of spatial temperature estimation method in ecohydrologic modeling in the Western Oregon Cascades. Water Resour. Res. 49, 1611–1624.

Gavin, D.G., Hallett, D.J., Hu, F.S., Lertzman, K.P., Prichard, S.J., Brown, K.J., Lynch, J.A., Bartlein, P.J., and Peterson, D.L. 2007. Forest fire and climate change in western North America: insights from sediment charcoal records. Frontiers in Ecology

Gedalof, Z., Mantua, N.J., and Peterson, D.L. 2002. A multi-century perspective of variability in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation: new insights from tree rings and coral. Geophysical Research Letters 29: 2204-2207.

Gedalof, Z., Mote, P., McKenzie, D., and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Top-down controls on wildfire in the American West. In Mixed Severity Fire Regimes: Ecology and Management. Washington State University Cooperative Extension, Pullman, WA. pp. 33-43.

Gedalof, Z., Peterson, D.L., and Mantua, N.J. 2004. Atmospheric, climatic and ecological controls on extreme wildfire years in the northwestern United States. Ecological Applications 15: 154-174.

Gedalof, Z., Peterson, D.L., and Mantua, N.J. 2004. Columbia River flow and drought since 1750. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 40: 1579-1592.

Geddes, C., Brown, D.G., and Fagre, D.B. 2005. Topography and vegetation as predictors of snow water equivalent (SWE) across the alpine treeline ecotone at Lee Ridge, Glacier National Park, Montana. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37: 197-205.

Goetz, S. J., B. Bond-Lamberty, B. E. Law, J. A. Hicke, C. Huang, R. A. Houghton, S. McNulty, T. O'Halloran, M. Harmon, A. J. H. Meddens, E. M. Pfeifer, D. Mildrexler, and E. S. Kasischke. 2012. Observations and assessment of forest carbon dynamics follow

Granshaw, F.D. and Fountain, A.G. 2006. Glacier change (1958-1998) in the North Cascades National Park Complex, Washington , USA. Journal of Glaciology 52: 251-256.

Grant, G.E., Tague, C.L., Allen, C.D., 2013. Watering the forest for the trees: an emerging priority for managing water in forest landscapes. Front. Ecol. Environ. 314–321.

Graumlich, L.J., Waggoner, L.A., and Bunn, A.G. 2005. Detecting global change at alpine treeline: Coupling paleoecology with contemporary studies. In Global Change and Mountain Regions: An Overview of Current Knowledge. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherland

Gray ST, GT Pederson, DB Fagre. 2010. Variability and trends in the snowmelt hydrology of the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA. Global Change and the World’s Mountains, Perth, Scotland, September 26-30, 2010. [abstract]

Gray, S.T., Graumlich, L.J., Betancourt, J.L., and Pederson, G.T. 2004. A tree-ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since 1567 A.D. Geophysical Research Letters.

Groffman, P.M., Baron, J.S., Blett, T., Gold, A.J., Goodman, I., Gunderson, L.H., Levinson, B.M., Palmer, M.A., Paerl, H.W., Peterson, G.D., Poff, N.L., Rajeski, D.W., Reynolds, J.F., Turner, M.G., Weathers, K.C., and Wiens, J. 2006. Ecological thresholds

Hall, M.P. and Fagre, D.B. 2003. Modeled climate-induced glacier change in Glacier National Park. BioScience 53: 131-140.

Halofsky, J.E., Donato, D.C., Hibbs, D.E., Campbell, J.L., Donaghy-Cannon, M., Fontaine, J.B., Thompson, J.R., Anthony, R.G., Bormann, B.T., Kayes, L.J., Peterson, D.L., and Spies, T.A. 2011. Mixed-severity fire regimes: lessons from the Klamath-Siskiyou

Halofsky, J.E., Peterson, D.L., Furniss, M.J., Joyce, L.A., Millar, C.I., and Neilson, R.P. 2011. A workshop approach to the development of climate change adaptation strategies and actions for natural resource management agencies in the U.S. Journal of Fo

Halofsky, J.E., Peterson, D.L., O’Halloran, K., and Hawkins Hoffman, C. 2011. Adapting to climate change at Olympic National Forest and Olympic National Park. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-844. Pacific Northwest Research Station, Po

Halpern, C.B., McKenzie, D., Evans, S.A., and Maguire, D.A. 2005. Early responses of forest understories to varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention. Ecological Applications 15: 175-195.

Hartman, M.D., Baron, J.S., and Ojima, D.S. 2007. Application of a coupled ecosystem-chemical equilibrium model, DayCent-Chem, to stream and soil chemistry in an alpine watershed. Ecol. Modeling 200: 493-510.

Hartman, M.D., Baron, J.S., Clow, D.W., Creed, I.S., Driscoll, C.T., Ewing, H., Haines, B.D., Lajtha, K., Knoepp, J., van Migroet, D.S., Ojima, D.S., Parton, W.J., Renfro, J., Robinson.B., Weathers, K., and Williams, M.W. 2009. DayCent-Chem Simulations of

Hassan Basagic, M.S. 2008 Portland State University, Department of Geography.Thesis: Quantifying Twentieth Century Glacier Change in the Sierra Nevada, California

Hendrikx, J., E.H. Peitzsch, and D.B. Fagre. 2012. An approach to understanding glide crack avalanche activity. 2012 International Snow Science Workshop, Anchorage, Alaska. September 17-21, 2012.

Hendrikx, J., Peitzsch, E.H., and Fagre, D.B. 2012. Time lapse photography as an approach to understanding glide avalanche activity. Proceedings of 2012 International Snow Science Workshop, Anchorage, AK. September 16-21, 2012.

Hendrikx, J., Peitzsch, E.H., Fagre, D.B. 2010. A practitioner’s tool for assessing glide crack activity. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, California. 17-22 October 2010. http://arc.lib.montana.edu/snow-scien

Hendrikx, J., Peitzsch, E.H., Fagre, D.B. 2010. A practitioner’s tool for assessing glide crack activity. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, California. 17-22 October 2010. [poster]

Hessl, A.E. and Peterson, D.L. 2004. Interannual variability in aboveground tree growth in Stehekin River Watershed, North Cascade Range, Washington. Northwest Science 78: 204-213.

Hessl, A.E., McKenzie, D., and Schellhaas, R. 2004. Drought and Pacific Decadal Oscillation linked to fire occurrence in the inland Pacific Northwest. Ecological Applications 14: 425-442.

Hessl, A.E., Milesi, C., White, M.A., Peterson, D.L., and Keane, R.E. 2004. Ecophysiological parameters for Pacific Northwest trees. Rep. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-618.

Hessl, A.E., Miller, J., Kernan, J., and McKenzie, D. 2006. Mapping wildfire boundaries from binary point data: comparing approaches. Professional Geographer 59: 87-104.

Heyerdahl, E.K., McKenzie, D., Daniels, L.D., Hessl, A.E., Littell, J.S., and Mantua, N.J. 2008. Climate drivers of regionally synchronous fires in the inland Northwest (1651-1900). International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 40-49.

Hicke, J. A. and J. C. Jenkins. 2008. Mapping lodgepole pine stand structure susceptibility to mountain pine beetle attack across the western United States. Forest Ecology and Management 225:1536-1547.

Hicke, J. A., A. J. H. Meddens, C. D. Allen, and C. A. Kolden. 2013. Carbon stocks of trees killed by bark beetles and wildfire in the western United States. Environmental Research Letters 8:035032.

Hicke, J. A., C. D. Allen, A. R. Desai, M. C. Dietze, R. J. Hall, E. H. Ted Hogg, D. M. Kashian, D. Moore, K. F. Raffa, R. N. Sturrock, and J. Vogelmann. 2012. Effects of biotic disturbances on forest carbon cycling in the United States and Canada. Global

Hicke, J. A., M. C. Johnson, J. L. Hayes, and H. K. Preisler. 2012. Effects of bark beetle-caused tree mortality on wildfire. Forest Ecology and Management 271:81-90.

Hicke, J., C. Allen, J. Baron, D. Fagre, A. Fountain, D. McKenzie, D. Ojima, D. Peterson, N. Stephenson, and C. Tague. 2010. Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems: Results from the Western Mountain Initiative. Proceedings, Global Change in the Worlds Moun

Hicke, J.A. 2005. NCEP and GISS solar radiation data sets available for ecosystem modeling: Description, differences, and impacts on net primary production. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19: GB2006.

Hicke, J.A. and Jenkins, J.C. 2008. Mapping lodgepole pine stand structure susceptibility to mountain pine beetle attack across the western United States. Forest Ecology and Management 225: 1536-1547.

Hicke, J.A. and Lobell, D.B. 2004. Spatiotemporal patterns of cropland area and net primary production in the central United States estimated from USDA agricultural information. Geophysical Research Letters 31: L20502, doi.

Hicke, J.A. and Logan, J.A. 2009. Mapping whitebark pine mortality caused by a mountain pine beetle outbreak with high spatial resolution satellite imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 4427-4441.

Hicke, J.A., Asner, G.P., Kasiske, E.S., French, N.H.F., Randerson, J.T., Collatz, G.J., Stocks, B.J., Tucker, C.J., Los, S.O., and Field, C.B. 2003. Postfire response of North American boreal forest net primary productivity analyzed with satellite observ

Hicke, J.A., Asner, G.P., Randerson, J.T., Tucker, C., Los, S., Birdsey, R., Jenkins, J.C., and Field, C. 2002. Trends in North American net primary productivity derived from satellite observations, 1982-1998. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16: 10.

Hicke, J.A., Asner, G.P., Randerson, J.T., Tucker, C., Los, S., Birdsey, R., Jenkins, J.C., Field, C., and Holland, E. 2002. Satellite-derived increases in net primary productivity across North America, 1982-1998. Geophysical Research Letters 29: 1029-200

Hicke, J.A., Jenkins, J.C., Ojima, D.S., and Ducey, M. 2007. Spatial patterns of forest characteristics in the western United States derived from inventories. Ecological Applications 17: 2387-2402.

Hicke, J.A., Lobell, D.B., and Asner, G.P. 2004. Cropland area and net primary production computed from 30 years of USDA agricultural harvest data. Earth Interactions 8: aper.

Hicke, J.A., Logan, J.A., Powell, J., and Ojima, D.S. 2006. Changing temperatures influence suitability for modeled mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreaks in the western United States. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 111:

Hicke, J.A., Sherriff, R.L., Veblen, T.T., and Asner, G.P. 2004. Carbon accumulation in Colorado ponderosa pine stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 34: 1283-1295.

Hilbruner, M.W. and Peterson, D.L. 2011. Forest Service wildland fire research and development: meeting the challenges of wildland fire and fuels management. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-85. USDA Forest Service Research and Development,

Hobbs, R. J., Cole, D. N., L. Yung, E. S. Zavaleta, G. H. Aplet, F. S. Chapin III, P. B. Landres, D. J. Parsons, N. L. Stephenson, P. S. White, D. M. Graber, E. S. Higgs, C. I. Millar, J. M. Randall, K. A. Tonnessen, and S. Woodley. 2010. Guiding concep

Hobbs, R.J., Arico, S., Aronson, J., Baron, J.S., Bridgewater, P., Cramer, V.A., Epstein, P.R., Ewel, J.J., Klink, C.A., Lugo, A.E., Norton, D., Ojima, D., Richardson, D.M., Sanderson, E.W., Valladares, F., Vilà, M., Zamora, R., and Zobel, M. 2006. Novel

Hoffman, M.J., Fountain, A.G., Achuff, J.M. 2007. Twentieth-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 349-354.

Hoffman, M.J., Fountain, A.G., and Achuff, J.M. 2007. Twentieth-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Annals of Glaciology 46: 349-354.

Holman, M.L. and Peterson, D.L. 2006. Sensitivity of forest growth to climatic variability in the Olympic Mountains, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 36: 92-104.

Hossack, B., Corn, P.S., and Fagre, D.B. 2006. Divergent patterns of abundance and age-class structure of headwater stream tadpoles in burned and unburned watersheds. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84: 1482-1488.

Huber, A., A. Das, R. Wenk, and S. Haultain. 2013. A natural resource condition assessment for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Appendix 14 - Plants of Conservation Concern. Natural Resource Report NPS/SEKI/NRR—2013/665.14. National Park Ser

Iverson, L.R., and D. McKenzie. 2013. Tree-species range shifts in a changing climate – detecting, modeling, assisting. Landscape Ecology 28:879-889.

Jackson, K.M. and Fountain, A.G. 2007. Spatial and morphological change on Eliot Glacier, Mount Hood, Oregon, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 222-226.

Jackson, Keith. 2007. Portland State University, Department of Geography.Thesis: The flow and geometry of Eliot Glacier, Oregon.

Jacobs, B.F., Romme, W.H., and Allen, C.D. 2008. Mapping old versus young piñon-juniper stands with a predictive topo-climatic model in north-central New Mexico, USA. Ecological Applications 18: 1627-1641.

Johnson, M.C., Halofsky, J.E., Peterson, D.L., and Bergin, J. 2013. Effects of salvage logging and pile-and-burn on fuel loading, potential fire behavior, fuel consumption, and emissions. International Journal of Wildland Fire 22(6): 757-769.

Johnson, M.C., Kennedy, M.C., and Peterson, D.L. 2011. Simulating fuel treatment effects in dry forests of the western United States: testing the principles of a fire-safe forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41:1018-1030.

Joyce, L.A., Blate, G.M., Littell, J.S., McNulty, S.G., Millar, C.I., Moser, S.C., Neilson, R.P., and Peterson, D.L. 2009. Managing for multiple resources under climate change. Environmental Management 44: 1022-1032.

Joyce, L.A., Blate, G.M., Littell, J.S., McNulty, S.G., Millar, C.I., Moser, S.C., Neilson, R.P., O'Halloran, K., and Peterson, D.L. 2008. National Forests. In Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources. A Repo

Kang, S., Running, S.W., Kimball, J.S., Fagre, . D.B., Michaelis, A., Peterson, D.L. , Halofsky, J.E. and Hong, S. 2014. Effects of spatial and temporal climatic variability on terrestrial carbon and water fluxes in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Environ

Kang, S., Running, S.W., Kimball, J.S., Fagre, D.B., Michaelis, A., Peterson, D.L., Halofsky, J.E., and Hong, S. 2014. Effects of spatial and temporal climatic variability on terrestrial carbon and water fluxes in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Environmental

Kasischke, E. S., B. D. Amiro, N. N. Barger, N. H. F. French, S. J. Goetz, G. Grosse, M. E. Harmon, J. A. Hicke, S. Liu, and J. G. Masek. 2013. Impacts of disturbance on the terrestrial carbon budget of North America. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biog

Keeley, J.E. 2004. Role of antecedent climate on fire regimes in coastal California. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13: 173-182.

Keeley, J.E. and Mantgem, P.J. 2008. Community ecology of seedlings. Seedling ecology and evolution 253-270.

Keeley, J.E., Allen, C.D., Betancourt, J.L., Chong, G.W., Fotheringham, C.J., and Safford, H.D. 2006. A 21st Century perspective on postfire seeding. Journal of Forestry 104: 103-104.

Kellogg, L.-K.B., McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Hessl, A.E. 2008. Spatial models for inferring topographic controls on low-severity fire in the eastern Cascade Range of Washington, USA. Landscape Ecology 23: 227-240.

Kennedy, M.C. and McKenzie, D. 2010. Using a stochastic model and cross-scale analysis to evaluate controls on historical low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology.

Körner, C., Ohsawa, M., Spehn, E., Berge, E., Bugmann, H., Groombridge, B., Hamilton, L., Hofer, T., Ives, J., Jodha, N., Messerli, B., Pratt, J., Price, M., Reasoner, M., Rodgers, A., Thonell, J., Yoshino, M., Baron, J.S., Barry, R., Blais, J., Bradley,

Lawrence, R.L., Bunn, A.G., Powell, S., and Zambon, M. 2004. Classification of remotely sensed imagery using stochastic gradient boosting as a refinement of classification tree analysis. Remote Sensing of Environment 90: 331-336.

Lightfoot, D.C., Brantley, S.L., and Allen, C.D. 2008. Geographic patterns of ground-dwelling arthropods across an ecoregion transition in the North American Southwest. Western North American Naturalist 68: 83-102.

Littell, J. and Peterson, D. 2009. Pacific Northwest forests and climate. Western Forester 54: 1-5.

Littell, J. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. A method for estimating vulnerability of Douglas-fir growth to climate change. Northwestern U. S. Forestry Chronicle 81: 369-374.

Littell, J.S. Climate impacts to forest ecosystem processes: Douglas-fir growth in northwestern U.S. mountain landscapes and area burned by wildfire in western U.S. ecoprovinces. Ph.D. dissertation. 2006. University of Washington, Seattle. Ref Type: Thesi

Littell, J.S., D. McKenzie, B.K. Kerns, S.A. Cushman, and C.B. Shaw. 2011. Managing uncertainty in climate-driven ecological models to inform adaptation to climate change. Ecosphere 2(9):102. doi:10.1890/ES11-00114.1.

Littell, J.S., McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Westerling, A.L. 2009. Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003. Ecological Applications 19: 1003-1021.

Littell, J.S., Oneil, E.A., McKenzie, D., Hicke, J.A., Lutz, J.A., Norheim, R.A., and Elsner, M.M. 2010. Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA. Climatic Change.

Littell, J.S., Peterson, D.L., and Tjoelker, M. 2010. Douglas-fir growth in mountain ecosystems: water limits tree growth from stand to region. Ecological Monographs 78: 349-368.

Littell, J.S., Peterson, D.L., Millar, C.I., and O’Halloran, K. 2012. U.S. national forests adapt to climate change through science-management partnerships. Climatic Change 110:269-296.

Little, R.L. and Peterson, D.L. 1991. Effects of climate on regeneration of subalpine forests after wildfire. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7: 355-357.

Little, R.L., Peterson, D.L., and Conquest, L.L. 1994. Regeneration of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) following fire: effects of climate and other factors. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 24: 934-944.

Little, R.L., Peterson, D.L., Silsbee, D.G., Shainsky, L.J., and Bednar, L.F. 1995. Effects of climate on radial growth of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Reche

Liu, S., B. Bond-Lamberty, J. A. Hicke, R. Vargas, S. Zhao, J. Chen, S. L. Edburg, Y. Hu, J. Liu, A. D. McGuire, J. Xiao, R. Keane, W. Yuan, J. Tang, Y. Luo, C. Potter, and J. Oeding. 2011. Simulating the impacts of disturbances on forest carbon cycling i

Lyons-Tinsley, C and Peterson, D.L. 2012. Surface fuel treatments in young regenerating stands affect wildfire severity in a mixed conifer forest, eastside Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 270: 117-125.

Lyons-Tinsley, C. and Peterson, D.L. 2011. Heterogeneity in forest structure and fuels affects fire severity in mixed conifer forest, east Cascade Range, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. In press.

Malanson, G. and D.B. Fagre. 2012. Glacier National Park GLORIA sites in a regional context. MTNCLIM annual meeting, Estes Park, CO. October 1-4, 2012. [poster]

Malanson, G., Scott, K., Shen, Z., Fagre, D., and Holzer, K. 2006. Ordination context of GLORIA sites in Glacier National Park, USA. In Global change in mountain regions. Sapiens Publishing, London, UK. pp. 154-155.

Malanson, G.P. and Fagre, D.B. 2013. Spatial contexts for temporal variability in alpine vegetation under ongoing climate change. Plant Ecology 214: 1309-1319. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11258-013-0253-3

Malanson, G.P., Bengtson, L. , and Fagre, D.B. 2012. Geomorphic determinants of species composition of alpine tundra, Glacier National Park, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 44(2): 197-209. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1657/1938-4246-44.2

Malanson, G.P., Brown, D.G., Butler, D.R., Cairns, D.M., Fagre, D.B., and Walsh, S.J. 2009. Ecotone Dynamics: Invasibility of Alpine Tundra by Tree Species from the Subalpine Forest. Pages 35-57 in Butler, D.R., G.P. Malanson, S.J. Walsh, and D.B. Fagr

Malanson, G.P., Butler, D.R., and Fagre, D. 2007. Alpine Ecosystem Dynamics and Change: A View from the Heights. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C.,

Malanson, G.P., Butler, D.R., and Walsh, S.J. 2004. Ecological response to global climatic change. In WorldMinds: Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems, Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Association of American Geographers 1904 - 2004. Kluwer

Malanson, G.P., Butler, D.R., Fagre, D.B., Walsh, S.J., Tomback, D.F., Daniels, L.D., Resler, L.M., Smith, W.K., Weiss, D.J., Peterson, D.L., Bunn, A.G., Hiemstra, C.A., Liptzin, D., Bourgeron, P.S., Shen, Z., and Millar, C.I. 2007. Alpine treeline of wes

Malanson, G.P., J.P. Rose, P.J. Schroeder, D.B. Fagre, and D.R. Butler. 2010. Descriptive and theoretical contexts for alpine plant community dynamics. Proceedings, Global Change in the Worlds Mountains conference. Perth, Scotland, United Kingdom. 26-30 S

Malanson, G.P., Resler, L.M., Bader, M.Y. , Holtmeier, F.K. , Butler, D.R. , Weiss, D.J. , Daniels, L.D. and Fagre, D. B. 2011. Mountain Treelines: A Roadmap for Research Orientation. J. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 43:167-177. (paper was subje

Malanson, G.P., Rose, J.P., Schroeder, P.J., and Fagre, D.B. 2011. Contexts for change in alpine tundra. Physical Geography 32:97-113. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2747/0272-3646.32.2.97#.UvJwHMasi-0

Margolis, E.Q., Swetnam, T.W., and Allen, C.D. 2007. A stand-replacing fire history in upper montane forests of the Southern Rocky Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 37: 2227-2241.

Martinka, C.J., Peine, J.D., and Peterson, D.L. 1994. Toward a global network of mountain protected areas. In Mountain Environments in Changing Climates. Routledge, London, UK. pp. 422-427.

McCabe, G. and Fountain, A.G. 2013. Glacier Variability in the Western United States during the Twentieth Century. Climatic Change, 116, 565-577, doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0502-9.

McDowell, N., Allen, C.D., and Marshall, L. 2010. Growth, carbon isotope discrimination, and climate-induced mortality across a Pinus ponderosa elevation transect. Global Change Biology 16: 399-415.

McDowell, N., Pockman, W.T., Allen, C.D., Breshears, D.D., Cobb, N., Kolb, T., Sperry, J., West, A., Williams, D., and Yepez, E.A. 2008. Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought?

McKenzie, D. 1998. Fire, vegetation, and scale: toward optimal models for the Pacific Northwest. Northwest Science 72: 49-65.

McKenzie, D. 2004. La historia del fuego y su relación con el clima. In Incendios forestales en México: métodos de evaluación. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, DF. pp. 13-28.

McKenzie, D. 2010. The effects of climatic change and wildland fires on air quality in national parks and wilderness areas. Fire Management Today 70: 26-28.

McKenzie, D. and Hessl, A.E. 2008. A neutral model for low-severity fire regimes. In Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189, 2 Dec. 2002, Edited by M. Narog. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, San Diego, CA.

McKenzie, D. and Littell, J.S. 2009. Climate change, fire, insects, and disturbance interactions: adaptation challenges in the West. Mountain Views 3: 3-6.

McKenzie, D., and J.S. Littell. 2011. Climate change and wilderness fire regimes. International Journal of Wilderness 17:22-27,31.

McKenzie, D., and M.C. Kennedy. 2011. Scaling laws and complexity in fire regimes. Chapter 2 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.

McKenzie, D., and M.C. Kennedy. 2012. Power laws reveal phase transitions in landscape controls of fire regimes. Nature Commnications doi: 10.1038/ncomms1731.

McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.

McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk. 2011. Synthesis: landscape ecology and changing fire regimes. Chapter 12 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.

McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk. 2011. Toward a theory of landscape fire. Chapter 1 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.

McKenzie, D., F.A. Heinsch, and W.E. Heilman. 2011. Wildland Fire and Climate Change. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Climate Change Resource Center. http://www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/wildfire/index.shtml.

McKenzie, D., Gedalof, Z., Peterson, D.L., and Mote, P. 2004. Climatic change, wildfire, and conservation. Conservation Biology 18: 890-902.

McKenzie, D., Hessl, A.E., and Kellogg, L.-K.B. 2006. Using neutral models to identify constraints on low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology 21: 139-152.

McKenzie, D., Hessl, A.E., and Peterson, D.L. 2001. Recent growth in conifer species of western North America: assessing the spatial patterns of radial growth trends. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 31: 526-538

McKenzie, D., Kopper, K.E., and Bayard, A.C. 2004. A rule-based fuzzy classification for landscape modelling of fuel succession. Sydney, Australia.

McKenzie, D., N.H.F. French, and R.D. Ottmar. 2012. National database for calculating fuel available to wildfires. EOS Transactions 93:57-58.

McKenzie, D., O'Neill, S., Larkin, N., and Norheim, R.A. 2006. Simulating regional haze from wildland fire emissions in the western USA. In Global Change in Mountain Regions. Sapiens Publishing, London, UK. pp. 128-129.

McKenzie, D., O'Neill, S.M., Larkin, N., and Norheim, R.A. 2006. How will climatic change affect air quality in parks and wilderness? Edited by D. Harmon. The George Wright Society, Hancock, MI pp. 186-193.

McKenzie, D., O'Neill, S.M., Larkin, N., and Norheim, R.A. 2006. Integrating models to predict regional haze from wildland fire. Ecological Modelling 199: 278-288.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Agee, J.K. 2000. Fire frequency in the Columbia River Basin: building regional models from fire history data. Ecological Applications 10: 1497-1516.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Agee, J.K. 2000. Spatial variation in fire frequency in the Interior Columbia River Basin. Edited by L. F. Neuenschwander and K. C. Ryan. University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho pp. 257-263.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Alvarado, E. 1996. Extrapolation problems in modeling fire effects at large spatial scales: a review. International Journal of Wildland Fire 6: 165-176.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Alvarado, E. 1996. Predicting the effect of fire on large-scale vegetation patterns in North America. Rep. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-489.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., and Littell, J.S. 2009. Global warming and stress complexes in forests of western North America. In Wildland Fires and Air Pollution. Developments in Environmental Science, Volume 8. Elsevier Publishers, The Hague, Netherland

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.W., and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Modelling conifer species distributions in mountain forests of the Pacific Northwest. Forestry Chronicle 79: 253-258.

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.W., Peterson, D.L., and Thornton, P.E. 2003. Climatic and biophysical controls on conifer species distributions in mountain forests of Washington state, USA. Journal of Biogeography 30: 1093-1108.

McKenzie, D., Prichard, S., Hessl, A.E., and Peterson, D.L. 2004. Empirical approaches to modelling wildland fire in the Pacific Northwest: methods and applications to landscape simulations. In Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances. Columbia Uni

McKenzie, D., Raymond, C.L., and Cushman, S.A. 2008. Modeling understory vegetation and its response to fire. In Models for Planning Wildlife Conservaton in Large Landscapes. Academic Press, Burlington, MA. pp. 391-414.

McKenzie, D., Raymond, C.L., Kellogg, L.-K.B., Norheim, R.A., Andreu, A.G., Bayard, A.C., Kopper, K.E., and Elman, E. 2007. Mapping fuels at multiple scales: landscape application of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Fores

McKenzie, D., U. Shankar, R.E. Keane, E.N. Stavros, W.E. Heilman, D.G. Fox, and A.C. Riebau. 2014. Smoke consequences of new fire regimes driven by climate change. Earth’s Future. DOI 10.1002/2013EF000180.

Meddens, A. J. H., J. A. Hicke, and C. A. Ferguson. 2012. Spatiotemporal patterns of observed bark beetle-caused tree mortality in British Columbia and the western United States. Ecological Applications 22:1876-1891.

Meddens, A. J. H., J. A. Hicke, and L. A. Vierling. 2011. Evaluating the potential of multispectral imagery to map multiple stages of tree mortality. Remote Sensing of Environment 115:1632-1642.

Meddens, A. J. H., J. A. Hicke, L. A. Vierling, and A. T. Hudak. 2013. Evaluating methods to detect bark beetle-caused tree mortality using single-date and multi-date Landsat imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 132:49-58.

Millar, C. and Fagre, D. 2007. Monitoring alpine plants for climate change: The North American GLORIA Project. Mountain Views - CIRMOUNT Newsletter 1: 12-14.

Millar, C.I., Stephenson, N.L., and Stephens, S.L. 2007. Climate change and forests of the future: managing in the face of uncertainty. Ecological Applications 17: 2145-2151.

Millar, C.I., Stephenson, N.L., and Stephens, S.L. 2008. Re-framing forest and resource management strategies for a climate change context. Mountain Views 2: 5-10.

Moore, D., Fleming, S., Menounos, B., Wheate, R., Fountain, A., Stahl, K., Holm, K., Jakob, Matthias. 2009. Glacier change in western North America: Influences on hydrology, geomorphic hazards, and water quality. Hydrological Processes, 23, 42-61.

Moore, D., Fleming, S., Menounos, B., Wheate, R., Fountain, A., Stahl, K., Holm, K., Jakob, Matthias. 2009. Glacier change in western North America: Influences on hydrology, geomorphic hazards, and water quality. Hydrological Processes, 23, 42-61.

Moore, D., Fleming, S., Menounos, B., Wheate, R., Fountain, A.G., Stahl, K., Holm, K., and Jakob, M. 2010. Glacier change in western North America: Influences on hydrology, geomorphic hazards, and water quality. Hydrological Processes 23: 42-61.

Moraska LaFrancois, B., Nydick, K.R., Johnson, B.M., and Baron, J.S. 2004. Cumulative effects of nutrients and pH on the plankton of two mountain lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61: 1153-1165.

Mote, P.W., Parson, E.A., Hamlet, A.F., Keeton, W.S., Lettenmaier, D., Mantua, N., Peterson, D.W., Peterson, D.L., Slaughter, R., and Snover, A.K. 2003. Preparing for climatic change: the water, salmon, and forests of the Pacific Northwest. Climatic Chang

Muhlfeld, C.C., Giersch, J., Hauer, F.R., Peterson, D.P., Pederson, G.T., Downs, C.C., and Fagre, D.B. 2011. Climate Change Links Fate of Glaciers and a Rare Alpine Stonefly. Climatic Change 106:337-345. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-0

Myers, M.A., Ayers, M.A., Baron, J.S., Beauchemin, P.R., Gallagher, K.T., Goldhaber, M.B., Hutchinson, D.R., LaBaugh, J.W., Sayre, R., Schwarzbach, S.E., Schweig, E.S., Thormosgard, J., van Riper III, C., and Wilde, W. 2007. US Geological Survey updates s

Nakawatase, J.M. and Peterson, D.L. 2006. Spatial variability in forest growth - Climate relationships in the Olympic Mountains, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 36: 77-91.

Nichols, E., Baron, J.S., Dirzo, R., Sarukhàn, J., Persic, A., and Arico, S. 2007. New Ecological Knowledge and Practices for Society and Sustainability. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: W5-W7.

Norheim, R.A. and Peterson, D.L. 2001. Vegetation mapping for San Juan Island National Historical Park, Washington. San Diego, CA.

Norheim, R.A., Peterson, D.L., Alcock, T.Z., and Chrisman, N.R. 2000. Metadata SWAT teams: a success story in creating a regional clearinghouse node. San Diego, CA.

Norheim, R.A., Peterson, D.L., Chrisman, N.R., Alcock, T.Z., and Schreiner, E.G. 1999. Developing an NSDI and NBII clearinghouse node for the Olympic Peninsula, Washington State.American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Bethesda, MD.

Nydick, K., Moraska LaFrancois, B., and Baron, J.S. 2004. NO3 uptake in shallow, oligotrophic, mountain lakes: The influence of elevated NO3 concentrations. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 23: 397-415.

Nydick, K.R., Moraska LaFrancois, B., and Baron, J.S. 2004. Nitrogen regulation of algal biomass, productivity, and composition in shallow mountain lakes, Snowy Range, Wyoming, USA. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61: 1256-1268.

Parmenter, R.R., Steffen, A., and Allen, C.D. 2007. An overview of the Valles Caldera National Preserve: the natural and cultural resources. Edited by B. S. Kues, S. A. Kelley, and V. W. Lueth. Socorro, NM pp. 147-154.

Pauli, H. et al. (121 contributing authors including Fagre). 2014. The GLORIA Field Manual: Standard Multi-Summit Approach, supplementary methods and extra approaches. Published by the Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, Austrian Academy of

Pederson G.T., Graumlich, L.J. , Fagre, D.B. , Kipfer, T., and Muhlfield, C. 2010. A century of climate and ecosystem change in Western Montana: What do recent temperature trends portend? A view from western Montana, USA. Climatic Change, 98: 133-154. DO

Pederson GT, ST Gray, CA Woodhouse, DB Fagre, JS Littell, E Watson, BH Luckman, and LJ Graumlich, 2011. Long-term snowpack variability and change in the North American Cordillera. Presented at the 2011 UCOR/NIWR Annual Conference, Planning for Tomorrow’s

Pederson GT, ST Gray, CA Woodhouse, DB Fagre, JS Littell, E Watson, BH Luckman, and LJ Graumlich, 2011. A millennium of snowpack variability and change in the North American Cordillera. Presented at the Inter Americas Institute Climate Research Network (

Pederson, G.T. Long-term perspectives on Northern Rockies climatic variability from tree rings in Glacier National Park, Montana. 2004. Montana State University. Ref Type: Thesis/Dissertation

Pederson, G.T., Fagre, D.B., Gray, S.T., and Graumlich, L.J. 2004. Decadal-scale climate drivers for glacial dynamics in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31.

Pederson, G.T., Gray, S.T., Ault, T., Marsh, W., Fagre, D.B., Bunn, A.G., Woodhouse, C.A. and Graumlich, L.J. 2011. Climatic controls on the snowmelt hydrology of the northern Rocky Mountains. J. Climate 24(6):1666-1687. http://journals.ametsoc.org/do

Pederson, G.T., Gray, S.T., Fagre, D.B., and Graumlich, L.J. 2006. Long-duration drought variability and impacts on ecosystem services: A case study from Glacier National Park, Montana. Earth Interactions 10: 1-28.

Pederson, G.T., Gray, S.T., Woodhouse, C.A., Betancourt, J.L., Fagre, D.B. , Littell, J.S., Watson, E., Luckman, B.H. and Graumlich L.J.,.et al. 2011. North American Cordillera 1600 Year Snowpack Reconstructions. IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleocl

Pederson, G.T., Gray, S.T., Woodhouse, C.A., Betancourt, J.L., Fagre, D.B., Littell, J.S., Watson, E., Luckman, B.H. and Graumlich, L.J. 2011. The unusual nature of recent snowpack declines in the North American Cordillera. Science 333(6040): 332-335.

Pederson, G.T., Reardon, B.A., Caruso, C.J., and Fagre, D.B. 2006. High resolution tree-ring based spatial reconstructions of snow avalanche activity in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Telluride, CO pp. 436-443.

Pederson, G.T., S.T. Gray, C.A. Woodhouse, J.L. Betancourt, D.B. Fagre, J.S. Littell, E. Watson, B.H. Luckman, and L.J. Graumlich. 2011. Long term snowpack variability and change in the North American Cordillera, Pacific Climate Workshop (PACLIM), Asilom

Pederson, G.T., S.T. Gray, C.A. Woodhouse, J.L. Betancourt, D.B. Fagre, J.S. Littell, E. Watson, B.H. Luckman, and L.J. Graumlich. 2011. A millennium of snowpack variability and change in the North American Cordillera. Presented in Paper Session: Paleoenv

Pederson, G.T., Whitlock, C., Watson, E., Luckman, B.H., and Graumlich, L.J. 2007. Paleo-Perspectives on Climate and Ecosystem Change. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Pre

Peitzsch, E., J. Hendrikx, and D.B. Fagre. 2013. Assessing the importance of terrain parameters on glide avalanche release. Abstract C41B618 Poster presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA. 9-13 December. [poster]

Peitzsch, E.H. and D. B. Fagre. 2010. Climate change and avalanches in the Northern Rocky Mountains. Gallatin National Forest Avalanche Center Professional Development Workshop. 5 March 2010. Bozeman, Montana, USA. INVITED.

Peitzsch, E.H. and D.B. Fagre. 2010. Ecological effects of snow avalanches in Glacier National Park, Montana. 95th Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting. 4 August 2010. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Peitzsch, E.H., Fagre, D.B., Dundas, M. 2010. Using GIS and Google Earth for the creation of the Going-to-the-Sun Road Avalanche Atlas, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, Cal

Peitzsch, E.H., Fagre, D.B., Dundas, M. 2010. Using GIS and Google Earth for the creation of the Going-to-the-Sun Road Avalanche Atlas, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley, Cal

Peitzsch, E.H., Hendrikx, J., Fagre, D.B. 2012. Timing of wet snow avalanche activity: An analysis from Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Proceedings of 2012 International Snow Science Workshop, Anchorage, AK. September 16-21, 2012.

Peitzsch, E.H., Hendrikx, J., Fagre, D.B., Reardon, B.A. 2010. Characterizing wet slab and glide avalanches along the Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley

Peitzsch, E.H., Hendrikx, J., Fagre, D.B., Reardon, B.A. 2010. Characterizing wet slab and glide avalanches along the Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Snow Science Workshop. Squaw Valley

Peitzsch, E.H., Hendrikx, J., Fagre, D.B.,and Reardon, B. A. 2012. Examining spring wet slab and glide avalanche occurrence along the Going-to-the-Sun Road Corridor, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Cold Regions Science and Technology. doi:10.1016/j.c

Peitzsch, E.H., J. Hendrikx, and D.B. Fagre. 2012. Timing of wet snow avalanche activity: An analysis from Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. 2012 International Snow Science Workshop, Anchorage, Alaska. September 17-21, 2012.

Peitzsch. E.H., D.B. Fagre, and J. Hendrikx. 2011. Using classification trees to examine spring wet slab and glide avalanche occurrence along the Going-to-the-Sun Road corridor, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Abstract C33E-0700 Poster presented at 2

Peters, D.C., Pielke Sr., R.A., Bestelmeyer, B.T., Allen, C.D., Munson-McGee, S., and Havstad, K.M. 2004. Cross-scale interactions, nonlinearities, and forecasting catastrophic events. pp. 15130-15135.

Peters, D.C., Pielke Sr., R.A., Bestelmeyer, B.T., Allen, C.D., Munson-McGee, S., and Havstad, K.M. 2007. Spatial nonlinearities: Cascading effects in the Earth system. In Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. pp. 165-

Peters, D.C., Sala, O.E., Allen, C.D., Covich, A., and Brunson, M. 2007. Cascading events in linked ecological and socio-economic systems: Predicting change in an uncertain world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 221-224.

Peterson, D. , C. Allen, J. Baron, D. Fagre, A. Fountain, J. Halofsky, J. Hicke, D. McKenzie and N. Stephenson. 2009. Adapting to Climate Change through Science–Management Partnerships in the Western United States. Presented at George Wright Society Meeti

Peterson, D., J. Halofsky, C. Allen, J. Baron, D. Fagre, A. Fountain, J. Hicke, D. McKenzie, D. Ojima, N. Stephenson, and C. Tague. 2010. Adapting to climate change through science-management partnerships. Proceedings, Global Change in the Worlds Mountain

Peterson, D., Smith, R., Hager, S., Hicke, J., Dettinger, M., and Huber, K. 2005. Hydroclimate monitoring in Yosemite National Park : River Chemistry. Eos 86: 285-288.

Peterson, D.L. 1991. Sensitivity of subalpine forests in the Pacific Northwest to global climate change. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7: 349-350.

Peterson, D.L. 1994. Recent changes in the growth and establishment of subalpine conifers in western North America. In Mountain Environments in Changing Climates. Routledge, London, UK. pp. 234-243.

Peterson, D.L. 1995. Subalpine forests of western North America. In Our Living Resources. National Biological Service, Washington, DC. pp. 314-318.

Peterson, D.L. 1998. Climate change: potential impacts on biological systems. In The Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management. Blackwell Science, London, UK. pp. 135-136.

Peterson, D.L. 1998. Climate, limiting factors and environmental change in high-altitude forests of western North America. In Climatic Variability and Extremes: The Impact on Forests. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 191-208.

Peterson, D.L. 2010. Managing fire and fuels in a warmer climate. Northwest Woodlands 26: 16-17. Notes: also pp. 28-29

Peterson, D.L. and Hammer, R.D. 2001. From open to closed canopy: a century of change in a Douglas-fir forest, Orcas Island, Washington. Northwest Science 262-269.

Peterson, D.L. and Johnson, D.R. 1995. An action plan for an uncertain future in the Far North. In Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North. Taylor and Francis, Washington, DC. pp. 317-322.

Peterson, D.L. and Johnson, D.R. 1995. Human ecology and climate change at northern latitudes. In Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North. Taylor and Francis, Washington, DC. pp. 3-13.

Peterson, D.L. and Johnson, D.R. 1995. Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North. Taylor and Francis, Washington, DC.

Peterson, D.L. and Littell, J. 2006. Biological change in the global greenhouse - Climate Change and Biodiversity. Book review. Conservation Biology 20: 255.

Peterson, D.L. and Peterson, D.W. 1991. The response of tree growth to global climate change: subalpine forests of the North Cascade Mountains. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7: 347-348.

Peterson, D.L. and Peterson, D.W. 1994. Effects of climate on radial growth of subalpine conifers in the North Cascade Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 24: 1921-1932.

Peterson, D.L. and Peterson, D.W. 1995. Climatic influences on radial growth of subalpine larch in the North Cascade Mountains. Ecology and Management of Larix Forests: A Look Ahead, Proceedings of an International Symposium Rep. USDA Forest Service Gener

Peterson, D.L., Allen, C.D., Baron, J.S., Fagre, D., McKenzie, D., Stephenson, N.L., Fountain, A.G., Hicke, J.A., Malanson, G.P., Tague, C.L., and van Mantgem, P.J. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collab

Peterson, D.L., Allen, C.D., Baron, J.S., Fagre, D.B., McKenzie, D., Stephenson, N.L., Fountain, A.G., Hicke, J.A., Malanson, G.P., Tague, C.L., and van Mantgem, P.J. 2012. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a coll

Peterson, D.L., Allen, C.D., Baron, J.S., Fagre, D.B., McKenzie, D., Stephenson, N.L., Fountain, A.G., Hicke, J.A., Malanson, G.P., Tague, C.L., and van Mantgem, P.J.. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a col

Peterson, D.L., and McKenzie, D. 2011. Understanding and adapting to new stress complexes in forest ecosystems. In W. Rodgers (ed.), Climate Change: A Reader. Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC.

Peterson, D.L., Arbaugh, M.J., and Robinson, L.J. 1992. Tree growth in high elevation forests of the Sierra Nevada, California, USA.University of Lund, Ystad, Sweden pp. 269-273.

Peterson, D.L., Arbaugh, M.J., and Robinson, L.J. 1993. Effects of ozone and climate on ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) growth in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 23: 1750-1759.

Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, D. McKenzie, D.S. Ojima, D.L. Peterson, N.L. Stephenson and C. Tague. 2010. Adapting to Climate Change through Science-Management Partnerships in the Western United States. Gl

Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, D. McKenzie, N.L. Stephenson, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, G.P. Malanson, D.S. Ojima, C.L. Tague, and P.J. van Mantgem. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a c

Peterson, D.L., Halofsky, J.E., and Johnson, M.C. 2011. Managing and adapting to changing fire regimes in a warmer climate. Pages 249-267 in D. McKenzie, C. Miller, and D.A. Falk (eds.), The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Peterson, D.L., Innes, J.L., and O'Brian, K. 2004. Climate change, carbon, and forestry in northwestern North America. Rep. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-614.

Peterson, D.L., Johnson, M.C., Agee, J.K., Jain, T.B., McKenzie, D., and Reinhardt, D. 2005. Forest structure and fire hazard in dry forests of the western United States. Rep. PNW-GTR-628.

Peterson, D.L., Millar, C.I., Joyce, L.A., Furniss, M.J., Halofsky, J.E., Neilson, R.P., and Morelli, T.L. 2011. Responding to climate change in national forests: a guidebook for developing adaptation options. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report

Peterson, D.L., Prichard, S.J., and McKenzie, D. 2000. Disturbance in mountain forests. In Forests in Sustainable Mountain Development. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. pp. 51-58.

Peterson, D.L., Schreiner, E.G., and Buckingham, N.M. 1997. Gradients, vegetation, and climate: spatial and temporal dynamics in mountains. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 6: 7-17.

Peterson, D.L., Silsbee, D.G., and Redmond, K.T. 1999. Long-term hydrological patterns at Crater Lake, Oregon. Northwest Science 138: 121-130.

Peterson, D.L., Woodward, A., Schreiner, E.G., and Hammer, R.D. 1992. Identifying and managing for the potential impacts of global change in wilderness. In Threats to the National Wilderness Preservation System: The Managerial Response. National Park Serv

Peterson, D.L., Woodward, A., Schreiner, E.G., and Hammer, R.D. 1993. Global environmental change in mountain protected areas: consequences for management. In Parks, Peaks, and People. East-West Center, Honolulu, HI. pp. 29-36.

Peterson, D.W. and Peterson, D.L. 2001. Mountain hemlock growth responds to climatic variability at annual and decadal scales. Ecology 82: 3330-3345.

Peterson, D.W., Peterson, D.L., and Ettl, G.J. 2002. Growth responses of subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) to climatic variability in the Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 32: 1503-1517.

Pfeifer, E.M., Hicke, J.A., and Meddens, A.J.H. 2010. Observations and modeling of aboveground tree carbon stocks and fluxes following a bark beetle outbreak in the western United States. Global Change Biology.

Prato T., Qiu, Z. , Pederson, G.T. , Fagre, D.B. , Bengston, L. and Williams, J.R. 2010. Potential economic benefits of adapting agricultural production systems to future climate change in Montana’s Flathead Valley. Journal of Environmental Management.

Prato, A. and Fagre, D.B. 2005. National Parks and Protected Areas: Approaches for Balancing Social, Economic, and Ecological Values. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. Notes: 416 pp.

Prato, A. and Fagre. D.B. 2014. Protected Area Management in Encyclopedia of Natural Resources. Taylor and Francis, New York. p. 1-4. DOI: 10.1081/E-ENRL-120048426.

Prato, T. and Fagre, D. 2006. Coping with climate change. ActionBioscience.

Prato, T. and Fagre, D. 2007. Achieving Ecosystem Sustainability. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. pp. 302-311.

Prato, T. and Fagre, D. 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Prato, T. and Fagre, D. 2007. The Crown of the Continent: Striving for Ecosystem Sustainability. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. pp. 3-16.

Prato, T. and Fagre, D.B. 2010. Sustainable Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. George Wright Forum 27:77-93. http://www.georgewright.org/271prato.pdf

Prato, T., Fagre, D., and Sugumaran, R. 2007. Economic Growth and Landscape Change. In Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. pp. 55-66.

Prato, T., Keane, R.E., and Fagre, D.B. 2008. Assessing and Managing Wildfire Risk in the Wildland-Urban Interface. Ecosystem Ecology Research Trends 275-297.

Preisler, H. K., J. A. Hicke, A. A. Ager, and J. L. Hayes. 2012. Climate and weather influences on spatial temporal patterns of mountain pine beetle populations in Washington and Oregon. Ecology 93:2421-2434.

Prichard, S.J., Oswald, W.W., Gedalof, Z., and Peterson, D.L. 2009. Holocene fire and vegetation dynamics in a montane forest, North Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Quaternary Research 72: 57-67.

Prichard, S.J., Peterson, D.L., and Hammer, R.D. 2000. Soil carbon storage in subalpine forest ecosytems of the Olympic Mountains. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 1834-1845.

Prichard, S.J., Peterson, D.L., Jacobson, K. 2010. Fuel treatments reduce the severity of wildfire effects in dry mixed conifer forest, Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40: 1615-1626.

Raffa, K.F., Aukema, B., Bentz, B.J., Carroll, A., Erbilgin, N., Herms, D.A., Hicke, J.A., Hofstetter, R.W., Katovich, S., Lindgren, B.S., Logan, J., Mattson, W., Munson, A.S., Robison, D.J., Six, D.L., Tobin, P.C., Townsend, P.A., and Wallin, K.F. 2009.

Raffa, K.F., Aukema, B.H., Bentz, B.J., Carroll, A.L., Hicke, J.A., Turner, M.G., and Romme, W.H. 2008. Cross-scale drivers of natural disturbances prone to anthropogenic amplification: The dynamics of bark beetle eruptions. BioScience 58: 501-517.

Raymond, C.L. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Fuel treatments alter the effects of wildfire in a mixed-evergreen forest, Oregon, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 35: 2981-2995.

Raymond, C.L. and Peterson, D.L. 2005. How did prefire treatments affect the Biscuit Fire? Fire Management Today 65: 18-22.

Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. 2012. Carbon dynamics of forests in Washington, U.S: projections for the 21st century based on climate-driven changes in fire regime. Ecological Applications 22:1589-1611.

Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. 2013. Comparing algorithms for estimating foliar biomass of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-595, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. 2013. Temporal carbon dynamics of forests in Washington, U.S.: implications for ecological theory and carbon management. Forest Ecology and Management 310:796-811.

Reardon, B. A., Harper, J. T. , and Fagre, D. B. 2008. Mass balance of a cirque glacier in the U.S. Rocky Mountains. Proceedings of the mass balance measurement and modeling workshop, Skeikampen, Norway, 26-28 March 2008. Annals of Glaciology 50: A074 1-

Reardon, B. and Fagre, D.B. 2006. Reassessing a troublesome fact of mountain life: avalanches in Glacier National Park. Park Science 24: 37-39.

Reardon, B.A., Fagre, D.B., Dundas, M., and Lundy, C. 2006. Natural glide slab avalanches, Glacier National Park, USA: a unique hazard and forecasting challenge. Telluride, CO pp. 778-785.

Reardon, B.A., Pederson, G.T., Caruso, C.J., and Fagre, D.B. 2008. Spatial reconstructions and comparisons of historic snow avalanche frequency and extent using tree rings in Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 40

Reardon, B.R., Peitzsch, E., and Fagre, D.B. 2008. Sliding into Spring: Understanding Glide Slab Avalanches in Glacier National Park, Montana. Proceedings, International Snow Science Workshop, Sept. 21- 27, 2008, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada.

Reardon, Blase A. ,Harper, Joel T. and Fagre, Daniel B. 2009. Summer and winter surface water balances at Sperry Glacier, Glacier National Park, Montana. Presented at Waters that Cross Divides, 2009 Annual Meeting, Montana Section, American Water Resour

Reiners, W.A., Baker, W.L., Baron, J.S., Debinski, D.M., Elias, S.A., Fagre, D.B., Findley, J.S., Mearns, L.O., Roberts, D.W., Seastedt, T.R., Stohlgren, T.J., Veblen, T.T., and Wagner, F.H. 2003. Natural ecosystems I: The Rocky Mountains. In Rocky Mounta

Restaino, J.C., and Peterson, D.L. 2013. Wildfire and fuel treatment effects on forest carbon dynamics in the western United States. Forest Ecology and Management 303:46-60.

Restaino, J.C., and Peterson, D.L. 2014. Sensitivity of long-term carbon stores to wildfire frequency and treatment intensity, eastside Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Fire Ecology In review.

Restaino, J.C., and Peterson, D.L. 2014. Short-term fuel treatment effects on carbon storage folowing the 2006 Tripod Complex Fire, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Washington, USA. Fire Ecology In review.

Rochefort, R.M. and Peterson, D.L. 1991. Tree establishment in subalpine meadows of Mount Rainier National Park. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7: 354-355.

Rochefort, R.M. and Peterson, D.L. 1993. Genetic Resource Management Units: managing biodiversity in national parks. In Partners in Stewardship: Seventh Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and On Public Lands. George Wright Society, Ha

Rochefort, R.M. and Peterson, D.L. 1996. Temporal and spatial distribution of trees in subalpine meadows of Mount Rainier National Park. Arctic and Alpine Research 28: 52-59.

Rochefort, R.M. and Peterson, D.L. 2001. Genetic and morphologic variation in Phyllodoce empetriformis and P. glanduliflora (Ericaceae) in Mount Rainier National Park, Washington. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 179-191.

Rochefort, R.M., Little, R.L., Woodward, A., and Peterson, D.L. 1994. Changes in the distribution of subalpine conifers in western North America: a review of climate and other factors. The Holocene 4: 89-100.

Romme, W.H., Allen, C.D., Bailey, J.D., Baker, W.L., Bestelmeyer, B.T., Brown, P.M., Eisenhart, K.S., Floyd-Hanna, L., Huffman, D.W., Jacobs, B., Miller, R.F., Muldavin, E., Swetnam, T.W., Tausch, R.J., and Weisberg, P.J. 2009. Historical and modern distu

Roush, W., Munroe, J.S., and Fagre, D.B. 2007. Development of a spatial analysis method using ground based repeat photography to detect changes in the alpine treeline ecotone, Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 3

Ryan, M., Archer, S., Birdsey, R., Dahm, C., Heath, L., Hicke, J., Hollinger, D., Huxman, T., Okin, G., Oren, R., Randerson, J., and Schlesinger, W. 2008. Land Resources. In The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, an

Sample, A., Halofsky, J.E., and Peterson, D.L. 2014. U.S. strategy for forest management adaptation to climate change: building a framework for decision making. Annals of Forest Science. In press. DOI 10.1007/s13595-013-0288-6.

Sanscrainte, C.L. and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Carbon storage and soil properties in late-successional and second-growth subalpine forests in the North Cascade Range, Washington. Northwest Science 77: 297-307.

Sanscrainte, C.L. and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Carbon storage in subalpine tree islands, North Cascade Range, Washington. Northwest Science 77: 255-268.

Schuman, R., Fagre, D.B. 2008. The NSF-USGS National Ice Core Laboratory: Options for the future. U.S. National Ice Core Laboratory (NICL) Working Group. June 2008. 15 pp.

Sisk, T.D., Savage, M., Falk, D., Allen, C.D., Muldavin, E., and McCarthy, P. 2005. A landscape perspective for forest restoration. Journal of Forestry 103: 319-320.

Stephenson, N. L., A. J. Das, R. Condit, S. E. Russo, P. J. Baker, N. G. Beckman, D. A. Coomes, E. R. Lines, W. K. Morris, N. Rüger, E. Álvarez, C. Blundo, S. Bunyavejchewin, G. Chuyong, S. J. Davies, Á. Duque, C. E. N. Ewango, O. Flores, J. F. Franklin,

Stephenson, N. L., and A. J. Das. 2011. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science 334:177c (3 pages). (doi 10.1126/science.1205740)

Stephenson, N. L., and C. I. Millar. 2012. Climate change: wilderness’s greatest challenge. Park Science 28(3):34-38.

Stephenson, N. L., P. J. van Mantgem, A. G. Bunn, H. Bruner, M. E. Harmon, K. B. O’Connell, D. L. Urban, and J. F. Franklin. 2011. Causes and implications of the correlation between forest productivity and tree mortality rates. Ecological Monographs 81

Stephenson, N., Peterson, D., Fagre, D., Allen, C.D., McKenzie, D., Baron, J.S., and O'Brian, K. 2007. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: the Western Mountain Initiative. Mountain Views - CIRMOUNT Newsletter 1: 4-9

Stephenson, N., Peterson, D.L., Fagre, D.B., Allen, C.D., McKenzie, D., Baron, J.S., and O'Brian, K. 2006. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: The Western Mountain Initiative. Park Science 24: 24-29.

Stephenson, N.L. and Duque, A.J. 2008. Taking the pulse of mountain forests: the Cordillera Forest Dynamics Network (CORFOR). Mountain Views 2: 18-20.

Stephenson, N.L. and van Mantgem, P.J. 2005. Forest turnover rates follow global and regional patterns of productivity. Ecology Letters 8: 524-531.

Stephenson, N.L., Millar, C.I., and Cole, D.N. 2010. Shifting environmental foundations: the unprecedented and unpredictable future. In Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Island Press, Washington, D.C

Stephenson, N.L., van Mantgem, P.J., Byrne, J.C., Daniels, L.D., Franklin, J.F., Fulé, P.Z., Harmon, M.E., Larson, A.J., Smith, J.M., Taylor, A.H., and Veblen, T.T. Response to "Do dead trees tell tales?" - Johnson et al.'s critique of van Mantgem et al.'

Strom, A., Francis, R.C., Mantua, N.J., Miles, E.L., and Peterson, D.L. 2004. North Pacific climate recorded in growth rings of geoduck clams: a new tool for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Geophysical Research Letters 31: L0626.

Strom, A., Francis, R.C., Mantua, N.J., Miles, E.L., and Peterson, D.L. 2005. Preserving low-frequency climate signals in growth records of geoduck clams (Panopea abrupta). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 228: 167-178.

Tague, C. and Grant, G.E. 2009. Groundwater dynamics mediate low-flow response to global warming in snow-dominated alpine regions. Water Resources Research.

Tague, C., C. Allen, J. Baron, D. Fagre, A. Fountain, J. Hicke, D. McKenzie, D. Peterson, and N. Stephenson. 2010. Forecasting and futures: Spatial complexity in scenarios of eco-hydrologic responses to warming in the Western U.S.A. Proceedings, Global C

Tague, C., Heyn, K., and Christensen, L. 2009. Topographic controls on spatial patterns of conifer transpiration and net primary productivity under climate warming in mountain ecosystems. Ecohydrology 2: 541-554.

Tague, C., Peng, H., 2013. The sensitivity of forest water use to the timing of precipitation and snowmelt recharge in the California Sierra: Implications for a warming climate. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences 118, 875–887.

Tague, C.L. 2009. Assessing climate change impacts on alpine stream-flow and vegetation water use: mining the linkages with subsurface hydrologic processes. Hydrological Processes 23: 1815-1819.

Tague, C.L., Choate, J.S., Grant, G., 2013. Parameterizing sub-surface drainage with geology to improve modeling streamflow responses to climate in data limited environments. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 17, 341–354.

Tague, C.L., McDowell, N.G., Allen, C.D., 2013. An Integrated Model of Environmental Effects on Growth, Carbohydrate Balance, and Mortality of Pinus ponderosa Forests in the Southern Rocky Mountains. PloS One 8, e80286.

Tare, M. Estimating the impact of 21st century climate change on wildfire risk potential using the Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI). 2006. California State University, San Jose. Ref Type: Thesis/Dissertation

Theobald, D.M., Baron, J.S., Newman, P., Noon, B., Norman III, J.B., Leinwand, I., Linn, S.E., Sherer, R., Williams, K.E., and Hartman, M. 2010. A Natural Resource Condition Assessment for Rocky Mountain National Park. Rep. National Park Service Natural R

Tyler, M.W. and Peterson, D.L. 2003. Effects of forest policy on landscape pattern of late-seral forest of the western Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101: 289-306.

Tyler, M.W. and Peterson, D.L. 2006. Vascular plant species diversity in low-elevation coniferous forests of the western Olympic Peninsula: a legacy of land use. Northwest Science 80: 224-238.

U.S.Geological Survey 2007. Facing tomorrow's challenges - US Geological Survey science in the decade 2007-2017. USGS Circular 1309. Notes: Jill Baron was a contributing author to this report

van Mantgem, P. J., N. L. Stephenson, E. Knapp, J. Battles, and J. E. Keeley. 2011. Long-term effects of prescribed fire on mixed conifer forest structure in the Sierra Nevada, California. Forest Ecology and Management 261:989-994.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Schwartz, M. 2004. An experimental demonstration of stem damage as a predictor of fire-caused mortality for ponderosa pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 34: 1343-1347.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2004. Does coring contribute to tree mortality? Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 34: 2394-2398.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2005. The accuracy of matrix population model projections for coniferous trees in the Sierra Nevada, California. Journal of Ecology 93: 737-747.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2007. Apparent climatically-induced increase of tree mortality rates in a temperate forest. Ecology Letters 10: 909-916.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2007. Increasing tree deaths in California's Sierra Nevada parallel temperature-driven increases in droughtv. Mountain Views 1: 9-10.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2007. Tree deaths in California's Sierra Nevada increase as temperatures rise. People, Land, and Water.

van Mantgem, P.J. and Stephenson, N.L. 2007. Tree deaths in California's Sierra Nevada increase as temperatures rise. Publication Brief for Resource Managers. USGS Western Ecological Research Center.

van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., and Keeley, J.E. 2006. Forest reproduction along a climatic gradient in the Sierra Nevada, California. Forest Ecology and Management 225: 391-399.

van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., and Keeley, J.E. 2006. Variability of forest reproduction across elevation in the Sierra Nevada. Forest Ecology and Management 225: 391-399.

van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., Byrne, J.C., Daniels, L.D., Franklin, J.F., Fulé, P.Z., Harmon, M.E., Larson, A.J., Smith, J.M., Taylor, A.H., and Veblen, T.T. 2009. Widespread increase of tree mortality rates in the western United States. Science 32

van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., Keifer, M., and Keeley, J.E. 2004. Effects of an introduced pathogen and fire exclusion on the demography of sugar pine. Ecological Applications 14: 1590-1602.

Veblen, T.T. and Donnegan, J.A. 2004. Historical range of variability assessment for forest vegetation of the National Forests of the Colorado Front Range, Colorado. Rep. Agreement No. 1102-0001-99-033 with the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Watson, E., Pederson, G.T., Luckman, B.H., and Fagre, D.B. 2008. Glacier mass balance in the northern U.S. and Canadian Rockies: paleo-perspectives and 20th century change. Darkening Peaks: Glacier Retreat, Science, and Society 141-153.

Weed, A. S., M. P. Ayres, and J. A. Hicke. 2013. Consequences of climate change for biotic disturbances in North American forests. Ecological Monographs 84:441-470.

Wiedinmyer, C., Quayle, B., Geron, C., Belote, A., McKenzie, D., Zhang, X., O'Neill, S.M., and Wynne, K.K. 2006. Estimating emissions from fires in North America for air quality modeling. Atmospheric Environment 40: 3419-3432.

Wilcox, B.P., Breshears, D.D., and Allen, C.D. 2003. Ecohydrology of a resource-conserving semiarid woodland: Temporal and spatial scaling and disturbance. Ecological Monographs 73: 223-239.

Wilsey, C.B., J.J. Lawler, E.P. Maurer, D. McKenzie, P.A. Townsend, R. Gwozdz, J.A. Freund, K. Hagmann, and K.M. Hutten. 2013. Tools for assessing climate impacts on fish and wildlife. Journal of Fisheries and Wildlife Management 4:220-241.

Wuerthner, G. 2006. Wildfire: A century of failed forest policy. Island Press 322. Notes: Contains reprints of two formerly published articles: Allen, C. D., M. Savage, D. A. Falk, K. F. Suckling, T. W. Swetnam, T. Schulke, P. B. Stacey, P. Morgan, M. Hof

York, R. A., N. L. Stephenson, M. Meyer, S. Hanna, T. Moody, T. Caprio, and J. J. Battles. 2013. A natural resource condition assessment for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Appendix 11 - Giant sequoia. Natural Resource Report NPS/SEKI/NRR—201

Zemp, M., Haeberli, W., Bajracharya, S., Chinn, T.J., Fountain, A.G., Hagen, J.O., Huggel, C., Kääb, A., Kaltenborn, B.P., Karki, M., Kaser, G., Kotlyakov, V.M., Lambrechts, C., Li, Z.Q., Molnia, B.F., Mool, P., Nellemann, C., Novikov, V., Osipova, G.B.,

Zolbrod, A.N. and Peterson, D.L. 1999. Response of high-elevation forests in the Olympic Mountains to climatic change. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 29: 1966-1978.